Roman Britain: A Sourcebook
After a period as temporary commander praepositus of the Misenum Fleet he was appointed camp prefect of Legion VI Victrix at Eboracum in Britannia, in effect deputy commander. From this post he was sent as field commander dux of a task force drawn from two of the three British legions to deal with trouble in Armorica Brittany , whose independent population had often caused trouble to the imperial authorities. He is known to have used equestrians in preference to senators as legionary commanders, a practice which probably contributed to his downfall in No other person is attested as holding such a post, which must have represented an infringement of the power of the consular senator governing Dalmatia.
It may have been another appointment made by Perennis. Even allowing for the confusion which must have followed the Marcomannic War one would hardly have expected trouble in Liburnia, the most urbanized area of the province. At this time he may have acquired property at Salona and have retired to live there when his appointment in Liburnia ended. He has no connection with the city recorded on his inscriptions nor, are anyrelatives mentioned. Artorius Castus.
Dessau et H-G Pflaum. SEG A funerary inscription from Epetium, near Salone in Dalmatia, records the career of Lucius Artorius Castus, who had been prefect of the legion VI Victrix and then commander of a task force of two British legions against a people whose name used to be restored as Arm[oricano]s, that is the Armoricans of western Gaul:. He himself set this up for himself and his family in his lifetime. Dio Notes: Pflaum, CP, no.
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Malone, Modern Philology 22 , ff. The idea still seems to be viewed positively by N. It must now lapse. Medini, Diadora, 9 , ff. Artorius Castus, dux legg ionum c hortium [alaru]m? Medini , p. Cambi, J. Matthews eds. LAC held the rank of centurion in this legion. From the middle of the 2nd century until at least the early 3rd century the legio VI Ferrata was stationed in Judea. LAC held the rank of centuion in this legion.
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From the early 2nd century onward the legio II Adiutrix were based at Aquincum modern Budapest and took part in several notable campaigns against the Parthians, Marcomanni, Quadi and, in the mid-3rd century, the Sassanid empire. The legio V Macedonica was based in Dacia throughout the 2nd century and through most of the 3rd; the unit took part in battles against the Marcomanni, Sarmatians and Quadi.
Tt was while serving as a centurion in this unit that LAC achieved the prestigious rank of Primus Pilus , the senior centurion of the legion. The Primi Pili were generally career soldiers of exceptional skill and advanced age, generally years old. This was a temporary command, similar in nature to dux see below. It is possible that LAC commanded detachments from the fleet during some unknown naval mission. AD is rather hazy.
Though the inscription does not specify that Artorius led detachments as opposed to the entire legions , it can be inferred; there are no records of multiple legions being removed from Britain in the mid-late 2nd century. Martin in Podstrana; the mutilated word falls along the broken right-hand edge of the first fragment of the inscription. It should be noted that the regional names Armoricani or Armorici are not attested in any other Latin inscriptions, whereas the country Armenia and derivatives such as the ethnic name Armenii and personal name Armeniacus are attested in numerous Latin inscriptions.
Statius Priscus, was withdrawn from Britain to act as general in the war. Nothing further is known of him. Other Artorii are attested in the area, but it is unknown if LAC started this branch of the family in Dalmatia, or whether the family had already been settled there prior to his birth if the latter, LAC might have received the Liburnian procuratorship because he was a native of the region.
Messapic died out in antiquity, but was an Indo-European language that some scholars believe to be closely related to Illyrian , which is interesting, given the number or Artorii attested in Illyrian areas, including LAC. Deklination s. Leumann Seit Schulze S. VII, , pp. Aug usti n ostri [praepo]situs J.
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Centurio of Legio II Adiutrix From the early 2nd century onward the legio II Adiutrix were based at Aquincum modern Budapest and took part in several notable campaigns against the Parthians, Marcomanni, Quadi and, in the mid-3rd century, the Sassanid empire. Centurio and Primus Pilus of Legio V Macedonica The legio V Macedonica was based in Dacia throughout the 2nd century and through most of the 3rd; the unit took part in battles against the Marcomanni, Sarmatians and Quadi.
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